skeleton with joints coloured in red

As young adults, we tend not to mind certain diseases that are associated with age, osteoporosis being one of them. We probably know it only if we are asked by professors to make a study about it. Or probably for the elders, they take notice only when they are experiencing the effects of the disease already. As early as now, we need to be mindful of these diseases, for prevention and probably to help assist in the treatment of our elders.

One of the diseases associated with age is osteoporosis, which may strike at any age but is most common in those over age 50. It is an age-related disorder characterized by decreased bone mass and loss of normal skeletal micro-architecture, leading to increased susceptibility to fractures. As people are living longer and leading more sedentary lives, the incidence of osteoporosis is expected to continue rising.

Osteoporosis is a silent disease; it can progress without causing any pain until you experience a fracture, most likely in the hip, spine or wrist. A hip fracture invariably requires hospitalization and major surgery. Hip fractures generally lead to serious walking disability and sometimes death, if left untreated. Fractures of the spine or vertebrae may sometimes result in loss of height, severe back pain, and deformity. Although osteoporosis is not painful in itself, the condition causes bones to break more easily, and broken bones are very painful. So we need to know how we can prevent osteoporosis and its treatment program.

Calcium and vitamin D supplements are one of the known treatments of osteoporosis. These may help older patients lower their risk of hip fractures. Sunlight is the best source of vitamin D. If patients do not have access to sunlight, as may be the case during winter in some countries, the doctor usually recommends a supplement. But, so as not to reach the stage of treating its ill effects, the following are the practical tips to help prevent it:

It is always good to know and understand what osteoporosis is and its precautions, for this will be very helpful to us and the people surrounding us.

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